Mangoes have been cultivated in the Indian subcontinent for thousands years and reached East Asia between the 5th – 4th century BC. By the 10th AD, cultivation had begun in East Africa. The14th century Moroccan traveler, Ibn Battuta, reported it at Mogadishu. Cultivation came later to Brazil, West Indies and Mexico, where an appropriate climate allows its growth.
Mango is now cultivated in most frost-free tropical and warmer subtropical climates, nearly half of the world’s mangoes are cultivated in India alone. Mango is also being grown in Andalusia, Spain (mainly in Malaga provenance), which is one of the few places is mainland Europe that allows growth of tropical plants and fruit trees.
Other cultivators include North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, South, West and Central Africa, Australia, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Southeast Asia. Through India is largest producer of mangoes, it accounts for less than 1% of the international mango trade, consuming most of it’s own output.